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Make your own Compost

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Posted 29 November 2007 - 06:19 PM

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1. Find a shady out of the way spot in your yard that is easy to access, Try to keep it in view so you don't forget about it.
Make sure the soil around the bin has good drainage.

2. Make a bin.
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3. Add brown materials.
Add a 6-inch layer of "brown" organic matter -- such as hay, straw, old leaves, and sawdust -- to the bottom of the container.

4. Add green materials.
Add a 2 to 3 inch layer of "green" organic matter, such as green grass clippings, manure, table scraps, or even high-nitrogen fertilizer, such as cottonseed meal, on top of the brown layer.

5. Repeat these layers, watering each one as you go, until the pile is 4 to 5-feet tall and fills the bin.
A smaller pile won't heat up well and a larger pile can be difficult to manage.

6. Within two days, mix the layers together thoroughly.
Particle size should be varied, smaller particles hasten decomposition.

7. Cover the pile with a tarp to keep rain away and preserve moisture.
If the pile gets too soggy or too dry, it won't heat up.

8. What to add to the pile or composter: What you put in the compost pile is up to you -- just remember that it needs to be from an organic material. Here's a short list of possibilities:

Hay, straw


Kitchen scraps (egg shells, old bread, vegetable and fruit scraps)

Animal manure, except for dog, cat, pig, or human

Old vegetables, flowers, or trimmings from trees and shrubs

Sawdust/Wood chips

Marijuana shake/sticks/branch's

Shredded black and white newspaper. (In the past, color printing used heavy metals in the ink. Most color printing now uses soy-based inks, but it's better to avoid them in the garden altogether to be on the safe side.)

**Remember to turn the pile when it cools down.**
Using a garden fork, remove the outside layers and put them aside. Remove the inside layers into another pile and then switch. Place the outside layers in the center of the new pile and the inside layers along the outside of the new pile.
Then let it cook and repeat....

**Here is a list of Carbon/Nitrogen Ratios of Various Materials.**
(Material, C/N Ratio)
Table scraps, 15:1

Grass clippings, 19:1

Old manure, 20:1

Fresh alfalfa hay, 12:1

Fruit waste, 25:1

Corn stalks, 60:1

Old leaves, 80:1

Straw, 80:1

Paper, 170:1

Sawdust, 500:1

Wood, 700:1
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#2 Mogie


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Posted 30 November 2007 - 12:40 AM

I am very into this. Have has a compost pile for years. Keep a small bucket with a tight fitting lid in the kitchen under the sink. That way only make trips to the compost pile with food additivies about once a week. Pallets make excellent compost pile sides as they allow air to circulate. They are generally free too.
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Posted 08 December 2007 - 01:25 AM

Building a Pallet/Skid Bin
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  • Need 5 pallets/skids with slat spacing of " 1".
  • Place 1 pallet with slats up on the ground.
  • Arrange the remaining pallets upright (short sides up) around each side of the base to form a box.
  • Attach the sides at each corner with wire, coat hangers, rope, etc.
  • Sides last 4 to 6 years; replace as needed.
  • Bottom lasts 1 to 2 years; drop another fresh pallet/skids over the old base when needed.
  • By using a total of 9 pallets/skids you can transform the pallet bin into a multi-bin unit.
  • Add a 2nd bottom pallet/skids next to the side of the 1st bin.
  • Fasten the 3 additional pallets/skids around it. Making sure it is tied into the 1st bin.
  • Use the 2nd bin to aerate the composting pile by move the composting pile from 1 side to the other.
  • By adding a 3rd bin (4 additional pallets/skids), you can also have a bin to store the finished compost in while it cures for the month after composting is complete.

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#4 Mr.Moonbiscuit


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Posted 27 April 2009 - 10:06 AM

i think this deserves a bump.
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#5 ileso


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Posted 14 March 2010 - 09:18 AM

and another bump, maybe even a sticky?
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#6 Guest_upriver_*

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Posted 08 May 2010 - 07:03 PM

Have to add that we found out the hard way that compost can be very toxic to dogs. I thought dogs ate trash all the time and it was no big deal, but look up tremorgenic mycotoxins. They grow in compost and often on bread scraps (we never put meat etc in our bin). Our dogs almost died, so be careful if you are adding kitchen scraps to your compost bin and its not protected.

#7 ion magic

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Posted 31 May 2010 - 08:50 PM

sticky! ....this is great information...enduring
(and endearing)
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#8 mediuse


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Posted 01 June 2010 - 01:06 PM

A few comfrey leaves added to the compost will significantly help the process. muA
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#9 TexasMonster


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Posted 25 June 2010 - 02:39 PM

I grow tomatoes and exotic peppers to sell to high in restaurants and I make my own compost. I do not do anything special. I do keep 3 piles going in perpetuity. I just pile up lots of brown leaves (very easy to come by), horse manure ( have horses) and chicken manure (have 36 hens). I also put the kitchen scraps in it. I use the coffee grounds, scap vegetables and vegetable parts, egg shells, tea fixings etc etc. What I do not use are any meat or processed foods in my compost piles. I do at straw too because that what my hens bed down in. My vegetables always thrive. I have had folks try to buy my compost but I am stingy when it comes to my compost. I turn all three piles over once a month with my tractor. Loves me some compost. Hysterical
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#10 apophis



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Posted 30 August 2011 - 10:26 PM

WOW this is badass!! I just moved out to the Country and I have Acres of Oak tree leaves. May go get some Pallets tomorrow! Thank you for posting this.
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